Every year, INDATA hosts four free, full-day training sessions that offer an in-depth look at people with particular disabilities and the forms of assistive technology that can improve their everyday lives.
PATINS stands for Promoting Achievement through Technology and INstruction for all Students. The organization supports Indiana public schools in creating and sustaining an equitable learning environment for every student.
The Dyslexia Institute of Indiana (DII) is a nonprofit organization serving children, adolescents and adults with specific learning disabilities, effectively helping children with dyslexia in Central Indiana improve literacy skills since 1989.
“We hope these full-day training sessions open people’s eyes to the variety of opportunities available to make the world of education more inclusive and accessible,” said Brian Norton, the director of assistive technology at Easterseals Crossroads. “But these discussions of universal design for learning and dyslexia can be beneficial to people outside the field of academia as well. That’s what’s great about these training sessions — they have something for everyone.”
Universal Design for Learning
Led by PATINS Project members, the training session explored the topic of Universal Design for Learning (UDL). This concept revolves around the development of flexible learning environments to accommodate a diverse group of students with varying levels of ability.
UDL provides educators a framework for creating a successful, inclusive classroom based on three principles:
- Multiple Means of Representation: A universally-designed classroom branches out from typical textbooks to present ideas to students in multiple formats — video, audio, hands-on activities, etc.
- Multiple Means of Action and Expression: In an inclusive classroom, students aren’t limited to one way of showing what they’ve learned (e.g. a term paper or written test). They can make a video, deliver an oral presentation, prepare a group project or even draw a comic strip — whatever plays to their strengths and makes them feel most comfortable.
- Multiple Means of Engagement: Students need incentives beyond good grades. In a UDL classroom, a teacher motivates them with assignments relevant to their lives or opportunities to work with their classmates in fun, game-like ways.
“In general, all learning environments should be as universally designed as possible, meaning the majority of support students might need is already built into that space,” said Daniel McNulty, the state director of the PATINS Project. “The reality is this is still a rather idealistic notion in most school districts.”
The PATINS Project works with schools across the state to make their classrooms fit the universal design model.
This organization offers a statewide online system for the acquisition of specialized textbooks, a lending library of assistive technology available for six-week trial periods and a variety of training opportunities — all at no cost to Indiana’s public K-12 schools. This kind of support goes a long way in helping educators overcome the practical and financial obstacles involved in creating more inclusive, accessible learning environments.
The Complex World of Dyslexia
The INDATA full-day training session also focused on a learning disability that affects one in five students across America.
A common misconception is people with dyslexia simply see words backwards. Representatives of the Dyslexia Institute of Indiana (DII) debunked this myth and explained the various nuances of the disability. Common symptoms or early warning signs of dyslexia include:
- Confusing letters and numbers that are visually similar (b, d, g, p, q or 1, 7, 6, 9)
- Pronunciation problems
- Trouble reading aloud
- Spelling issues
- Difficulty memorizing and following sequenced instructions and routines
- Challenges with organization and time management
- Poor physical coordination (unstable pencil grip)
The training session also introduced attendees to assistive technology that can make everyday life easier for students but also people of all ages with dyslexia.
Software programs like Sonocent are ideal for class lectures or office meetings. This audio notetaker records information but also breaks it up into chunks that are easier to digest. It allows users to mark certain sections of the audio file in the same way you would highlight a passage in a textbook.
The session also introduced free or low-cost tools, such as the OpenDyslexic app, which overrides all fonts on web pages to make them easier to read. Letters have unique, heavy-weighted shapes, allowing users to avoid confusing ones that usually appear to be visually similar (such as p and q).
These are just a few of the many tools out there that make reading comprehension and information processing significantly easier for people with dyslexia and other learning disabilities.
In addition to the learning sessions, INDATA also offers a look at its lending library and a show-and-tell of some of the assistive technology devices available for people to borrow.
“We really appreciate having organizations like PATINS and the Dyslexia Institute join us to talk with our training attendees about various topics that are applicable to them or their loved ones,” Norton said. “And it’s a great opportunity to show people our lending library and how they actually have access — through borrowing or a short-term loan — to many of the assistive devices and programs mentioned in the training.”